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Structure relates to function. Organs and organ systems function together to provide homeostasis in organisms. The functioning of organs depends upon multiple organ systems.

Standard 3

Students will understand the relationship between structure and function of organs and organ systems.

Objective 1

  • Describe the structure and function of organs.
  • Diagram and label the structure of the primary components of representative organs in plants and animals (e.g., heart – muscle tissue, valves and chambers; lung – trachea, bronchial, alveoli; leaf – veins, stomata; stem – xylem, phloem, cambium; root – tip, elongation, hairs; skin – layers, sweat glands, oil glands, hair follicles; ovaries – ova, follicles, corpus luteum).
  • Describe the function of various organs (e.g. heart, lungs, skin, leaf, stem, root, ovary).
  • Relate the structure of organs to the function of organs.
  • Compare the structure and function of organs in one organism to the structure and function of organs in another organism.
  • Research and report on technological developments related to organs.

Objective 2

  • Describe the relationship between structure and function of organ systems in plants and animals.
  • Relate the function of an organ to the function of an organ system.
  • Describe the structure and function of various organ systems (i.e., digestion, respiration, circulation, protection and support, nervous) and how these systems contribute to homeostasis of the organism.
  • Examine the relationships of organ systems within an organism (e.g., respiration to circulation, leaves to roots) and describe the relationship of structure to function in the relationship.
  • Relate the tissues that make up organs to the structure and function of the organ.
  • Compare the structure and function of organ systems in one organism to the structure and function in another organism (e.g., chicken to sheep digestive system; fern to peach reproductive system).

Language science students should use: organ, organ system, organism, hormonal modification, stomata, tissue, homeostasis, structure, function

 

Blood – Cardiovascular system

pg 4 (4:40) About the system

pg 8 (6:59) All about blood

pg 12 – website – interactive heart

pg 16 (:58) Career – Cardiologist

 

Bones – the skeletal system

pg 4 (5:42) about the skeletal system

pg 8 (6:25) about the skeletal system

pg 12 – website – interactive skeleton

pg 16 (4:03) Career – Orthopaedic surgeon

 

Brain – the nervous system

pg 4 (2:58) about the nervous system

pg 8 (3:43) Brain facts (no narration)

pg 16 (3:04) Career – Pediatric Neurosurgeon

pg 18 – website – teachmeanatomy.info

 

Lungs: All about the respiratory system LB 612.2 ROS

pg 4 (3:28) About the respiratory system

pg 8 (1:34) Alveoli up close

pg 16 (1:50) Career – Pulminologist

 

Muscles LB 612.7 ROS

pg 4 (5:25) About the muscular system

pg 8 (3:02) About muscles

pg 16 (1:37) Career – rheumatologist

 

Stomach: Digestive System LB 612.3 ROL

pg 4 (2:55)  The digestive system

pg 8 (4:45)  Digestive system

pg 16 (2:12)  career: Gastroenterologist

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