Students will understand the dynamics of the hydrosphere.
- Characterize the water cycle in terms of its reservoirs, water movement among reservoirs and how water has been recycled throughout time.
- Identify oceans, lakes, running water, frozen water, ground water, and atmospheric moisture as the reservoirs of Earth’s water cycle, and graph or chart the relative amounts of water in each.
- Describe how the processes of evaporation, condensation, precipitation, surface runoff, ground infiltration and transpiration contribute to the cycling of water through Earth’s reservoirs.
- Model the natural purification of water as it moves through the water cycle and compare natural purification to processes used in local sewage treatment plants.
- Analyze the characteristics and importance of freshwater found on Earth’s surface and its effect on living systems.
- Investigate the properties of water: exists in all three states, dissolves many substances, exhibits adhesion and cohesion, density of solid vs. liquid water.
- Plan and conduct an experiment to investigate biotic and abiotic factors that affect freshwater ecosystems.
- Using data collected from local water systems, evaluate water quality and conclude how pollution can make water unavailable or unsuitable for life.
- Research and report how communities manage water resources (e.g., distribution, shortages, quality, flood control) to address social, economic, and environmental concerns.
- Analyze the physical, chemical, and biological dynamics of the oceans and the flow of energy through the oceans.
- Research how the oceans formed from outgassing by volcanoes and ice from comets.
- Investigate how salinity, temperature, and pressure at different depths and locations in oceans and lakes affect saltwater ecosystems.
- Design and conduct an experiment comparing chemical properties (e.g., chemical composition, percent salinity) and physical properties (e.g., density, freezing point depression) of freshwater samples to saltwater samples from different sources.
- Model energy flow in the physical dynamics of oceans (e.g., wave action, deep ocean tides circulation, surface currents, land and sea breezes, El Nino, upwellings).
- Evaluate the impact of human activities (e.g., sediment, pollution, overfishing) on ocean systems.
Climate Change LB 363.73 SMI
pg 4 (4:00) Climate Change: Educate and take action
pg 4 – website – What is Global Warming? (NatGeo)
pg 8 – website – 2015 smashes record for hottest year
pg 10 – website – In a melting Iceland, drilling deep to stem climate change
pg 12 – website – Paleoclimatology: the ice core record
pg 14 – website – Why doesn’t anyone know how to talk about global warming?
pg 18 (2:45) Work together to reduce global warming
pg 22 – website – greenhouse gas emissions from livestock
pg 24 – website – collapse of the Larsen-B ice shelf
pg 28 (2:26) fire season is hotter and longer
pg 30 – website – Climate change has claimed its first mammal extinction
pg 32 – website – history of hydropower
pg 34 (1:53) United Nations addressing climate change
pg 4 (4:17) Why do we car about coral reefs
pg 18 (3:43) Protecting coral reefs
pg 20 (6:24) Coral reef species
Deciduous Forests LB 577.3 HUR
pg 4 (2:17) Need for forest ecosystem
pg 6 (1:50) Why leaves change color
pg 18 (1:24) Opossum
pg 20 – website – Acid Rain
Ice LB 551.3 WHE (K)
8 (1:30) Hailstorm
pg 10 – website – disappearing glaciers
pg 12 (2:10) about glaciers
pg 14 – website – Landforms from glaciers
Liquids LB 530 ROD
pg 4 (2:38) Basics of Matter
pg 12 (2:01) Why liquids flow
pg 14 (2:20) Water cycle
Matter, Energy and Heat – LB 530 TIT
pg 24 (2:42) Thermal expansion of water contributes to effects of climate change
Natural Resources LB 333.7 WIL
pg 5 (3:31) rising temperatures affect wheat growth
pg 8 – website – American Bison
pg 10 – website – Desalination in the Persian Gulf
pg 13 (3:37) precious metals
pg 16 – website – forest product consumption and production
?pg 18 – website – Climate Report Shifts on Biofuels
pg 20 – website – selective logging
pg 26 – website – solar industry data
pg 27 (1:26) Volcanoes affect the amount of sunlight reaching Earth’s surface
Precipitation LB 551.48 PUR
pg 4 (2:35) Availability of fresh water
pg 4 – website – Water cycle details
pg 16 (3:20) Monsoons and their effects (human and economic)
pg 18 (3:45) Understanding weather maps
Water LB 551.48 MCC
pg 4 (2:30) Availability of fresh water
pg 8 (3:52) Water treatment
pg 12 (5:00) Modern hydroponics
Water LB 551.48 WHE
pg 4 (1:07) How much freshwater?
pg 8 (2:40) cartoon -water bodies
pg 12 (2:39) cartoon -Earth’s water cycle
pg 10 – website – Water footprint calculator (EXCELLENT)
Water Cycle LB 551.48 PUR
pg 4 (6:25) water cycle
pg 4 – website – Detailed water cycle for kids
pg 8 – website – Types of clouds
pg 16 (4:20) BP Oil Spill
pg 16 – website – Graphic information on BP oil spill
pg 18 (2:15) career: forest hydrologist
Water Pollution LB 363.7 OST
Pg 4 (1:56) Our Ocean 2014
Pg 4 – website – The Unfiltered Truth About Water
Pg 8 – website – Chewonki: Life-Changing Learning in Nature (camp)
Pg 16 (7:06) Pollution: Battling the Bloom, Lake Erie, Ohio
Pg 16 – website – Eutrophication: Threat to the Baltic Sea
Pg 18 (6:02) EPA:: criminal enforcement, protecting humans and the environment