Students will understand the scientific evidence that supports theories that explain how the universe and the solar system developed. They will compare Earth to other objects in the solar system.
- Describe both the big bang theory of universe formation and the nebular theory of solar system formation and evidence supporting them.
- Identify the scientific evidence for the age of the solar system (4.6 billion years), including Earth (e.g., radioactive decay).
- Describe the big bang theory and the evidence that supports this theory (e.g., cosmic background radiation, abundance of elements, distance/redshift relation for galaxies).
- Describe the nebular theory of solar system formation and the evidence supporting it (e.g., solar system structure due to gravity, motion and temperature; composition and age of meteorites; observations of newly forming stars).
- Explain that heavy elements found on Earth are formed in stars.
- Investigate and report how science has changed the accepted ideas regarding the nature of the universe throughout history.
- Provide an example of how technology has helped scientists investigate the universe.
- Analyze Earth as part of the solar system, which is part of the Milky Way galaxy.
- Relate the composition of objects in the solar system to their distance from the Sun.
- Compare the size of the solar system to the Milky Way galaxy.
- Compare the size and scale of objects within the solar system.
- Evaluate the conditions that currently support life on Earth (biosphere) and compare them to the conditions that exist on other planets and moons in the solar system (e.g., atmosphere, hydrosphere, geosphere, amounts of incoming solar energy, habitable zone).
Stars LB 523.8 STA
pg 4 (1:02) Nuclear fusion in 60 seconds: Earth
pg 8 (1:10) Colors of stars and temperature: Earth
pg 12 (0:55) Exploding star: Earth
pg 6 – slideshow – Facts
Sun LB 523.7 ROU
pg 4 (4:17) NASA: About the sun and space weather – Earth
pg 10 (3:53) Top 10 facts about the sun
pg 16 (3:18) solar flare problems
pg 6 – slideshow – sun facts
The Universe LB 523 TIT
pg 4 (6:16) History of the Universe
pg 6 – website – What is the big bang theory?
pg 8 – website – What is the inflation theory?
pg 10 (4:34) animation – How big is the universe?
pg 10 – website – WMAP refined measurements of age of Universe
pg 12 – website – Scientists find giant wave in Perseus Galaxy Cluster
pg 14 – website – Cosmic Dust
pg 16 – website – What happens when galaxies collide?
pg 18 (4:10) animated – How do we know how old the sun is?
pg 20 – website – Formation of a star
pg 22 – website – High-Mass Star Formation
pg 24 – What are supernovae, and why are they important?
pg 26 – What is a pulsar?
pg 28 (4:26) animated – What’s Inside a Black Hole?
pg 28 – website – Black Holes
pg 30 – website – dark energy, dark matter
pg 32 – website – What is a planet?
pg 36 (4:55) Crash Space: The Moon
pg 36 – website – Moon Facts: information about the Earth’s moon
pg 38 – website – NASA Rover Finds Active, Ancient Organic Chemistry on Mars
pg 40 – website – Dwarf Planets
pg 42 – website – Meteorites